Protection Replace by Tamir Eshel
Since its introduction in 1979 Mercedes Benz G Class (or G-Wagen, by its common German identify) has turn into a well-liked car with authorities organizations and army forces that sought the model’s reliable operation and off-road mobility. Profitable essential contracts, and prospecting new markets, on its 40th anniversary this car continues to evolve. Two new automobiles, Mercedes’ personal Multi-Position Car (MRV) and : are two of the brand new automobiles just lately launched on this class.
A four-wheel drive sports activities utility car (SUV) Mercedes-Benz G-Class is produced by the Graz based mostly Steyr firm in Austria. With over 300,000 automobiles produced, and quite a few updates by means of the years, the car and nonetheless in manufacturing – the longest produced Mercedes-Benz car in Daimler’s historical past.
The unique design was modified into greater than 70 variants utilized by army and safety forces in 34 nations. The primary operators embrace Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany and Norway, every working hundreds of automobiles. Past the versatile utility position, armies additionally use the G-Class in combat-ready configurations. Bulgaria, Canada, Egypt, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Indonesia, Malaysia, Netherlands, and Norway are some of the customers of these armored and armed variants.
The Australian army forces acquired the G Wagon because the four×four underneath the Land 121 land automobiles modernization program. Each four×four and 6×6 variants are used as utility and lengthy vary reconnaissance automobiles. Photograph: CPL Nunu Campus. Australian Protection Forces.Enok 5.four was launched in 2007 because the lightest armored member within the new household of armored automobiles fielded by the German army. Photograph: Bundeswehr
Developed as a army car because the 1990s, it entered service with the German Military, first because the ‘Wolf’ and later as ‘Enok’, an improved Mild Armored Patrol Car (LAPV). When it entered service in 2007 it was the lightest class of a brand new household of German armored automobiles (GFF). Enok is at present utilized in three armored variations – a pickup closed van and MedEvac car, in addition to an unprotected van.
Designed and constructed by ACS of Germany, Enok makes use of a ballistic metal cabin that gives good mine and IED safety. At a weight of 5.four tons the safety degree chosen by the Germans exceeds the unique car’s permitted weight, and, subsequently required particular modifications. Powered by the 184 HP OM642 engine, Enok carries as much as 930 kg of payload and develops 95 km/h street velocity.
At a gross car weight of 5.four tons Enok measures to suit into the A-400M tactical transport aircraft for air mobility. Photograph: Bundeswehr
In a current improve, the gross car weight (GVW) was additional elevated to six.1 tons, extending payload capability to 1.Three ton. To enhance mobility this mannequin makes use of height-adjustable suspensions and upgraded axles leading to a lot greater floor clearance. A good heavier variant is in improvement, maximizing GVW as much as seven tons. One other progress choice is the six-wheeled G 300 CDI was displayed in September 2019 on the current DVD army occasion within the UK. The G 300 6×6 is designed to hold elevated weight with improved off-road mobility.
Multi-Position Car (MRV)
Addressing the wants of airmobile and particular forces, Mercedes Benz developed a light-weight all-terrain multi-role platform based mostly on the G-Class. The MRV’s makes use of a tubular body to offer a light-weight and agile all-terrain platform that carries as much as Three tons of payload on and off street, at a prime velocity of 120 km/h. Mission autonomy is prolonged over 800 kilometers because of the massive tank and low gasoline consumption. 412mm of floor clearance ensures optimum off-road mobility and stability. Water crossing can also be enhanced with the fording of one-meter deep obstacles.
The MRV makes use of the G Class chassis with modifications that scale back weight and enhance all-terrain mobility. Notice the tubular body with integral attachments for sling loading by helicopters. The MRV may be lifted internally or externally by Chinook and CH-53 helicopters. Photograph: Protection-Replace
One other necessary issue is air mobility – the MRV may be transported contained in the CH-53 and CH-47 helicopters and even be sling-loaded beneath these helicopters utilizing hooks embedded into the roll cage. A number of Particular Forces use G class automobiles, the newest to undertake the platform was the Dutch army that may quickly obtain over 500 air assault automobiles (AASLT). This car is a singular, light-weight configuration designed for the airborne brigade. The brigade will ultimately function over 1,000 such automobiles, configured for assault, transport, and ambulance roles. They may exchange 20-year previous G-Wagon automobiles that operated till now, shall be designed to seat 5 combatants, carry 1.2 tons of gear and be carried inside or sling-loaded underneath a CH-47 helicopter.
A CAD view of the open AASLT variant. Illustration: Daimler AG.A CAD view of one other AASLT prototype – a closed utility car. Photograph: Daimler AGPlasan’s Hirax was unveiled on the Eurosatory 2018. It was the primary armored car to make the most of the brand new rolling chassis launched by Mercedes Benz in 2017. Photograph: Protection-Replace
On the Eurosatory 2018 Israel’s armored car skilled Plasan unveiled the Hyrax – a light-weight, excessive efficiency armor protected car, based mostly on Mercedes Benz’ new G300 CDI Rolling Chassis. The Hyrax is the primary car using this chassis, launched by Mercedes Benz in 2017.
Powered by 183 horse powers developed by a Mercedes’ G300 CDI 6V Euro-Three engine coupled to a five-speed automated transmission, that delivers 400 Nm of torque, Hyrax has an influence to weight ratio of 38 HP/T, thus sustaining the category’ agility, acceleration and energy braking. This facet is turning into important not solely on highways, but in addition ascending or climbing mountainous filth roads with full armor and fight load. On the Gross Car Weight of four,800 kg Hyrax carries as much as 810 kg of payload when absolutely manned and loaded for a mission. As for air mobility, the car is sized for transportation in C-130 plane.
The All-Wheel Drive (AWD) driveline makes use of a central differential locking system that features electrically operated entrance and rear locks that allow all 4 wheels to beat harsh terrain circumstances. With a wheelbase of 2,850 mm and floor clearance of 245 mm Hyrax can climb a 400 mm vertical step, cross trenches 600 mm broad, and ford 600 mm of water, utilizing its integral, elevated air consumption. It safely negotiates 80% slope and 54% aspect slopes. The AWD maintains excessive stability and security on and off street, shifting on dust, mud, snow and paved roads. Hyrax maintains all of the G Class’ security options, together with energy steering, ABS, ESP, BAS, EBD, and airbags for the entrance seats.
The AWD has three differential lock modes enabling optimum traction over all kinds of obstacles. Photograph: Mercedes Benz
A serious benefit of the Hyrax’ is its reliance on a business rolling chassis rated for four.5-ton gross car weight. In contrast to different automobiles that require in depth modification to satisfy payload necessities, the strong body and automotive system is able to help the armored cabin, sustaining the car’s dynamics via the complete working envelope, even within the absolutely fight loaded configuration. Inbuilt cooperation with the unique producer (OEM), Hyrax is permitted underneath the producer’s guarantee and is absolutely supported via the producers’ worldwide service community.
As an armor protected car Hyrax makes use of Plasan’s battle confirmed kitted hull know-how. This modular design employs superior, mild armor that defeats small arms, fragments and armor piercing rounds, assembly EN1522 B6, B7 and STANAG 4569 Degree 1 within the primary configuration and is upgradable to B7 and STANAG Degree 2. The armor is made of composite supplies and consists of a big clear windshield and aspect home windows on all sides.
The spacious protected cabin may be configured in two or 4 door design and a number of other seating preparations, together with 2+Three, 2+four, 2+1+1 and a couple of+2+1. The armored capsule’s roof is constructed to help a protected gunner place or remotely operated stabilized weapon stations (RWS) mounting a light-weight or heavy machine gun and optronic package deal. Such weapon techniques allow the crew to trace and have interaction stationary and shifting targets whereas from contained in the Hyrax’ protected capsule. Hyrax has just lately accomplished operational and street testing with the Israel Protection Forces (IDF) and is now licensed to be used with the IDF. Developed by Plasan in cooperation with the OEM Mercedes Benz, the four.Eight-ton Hyrax is positioned as a candidate to exchange lots of of ‘David’ mild armored patrol automobiles that have been based mostly on modified Land Rover Defender 110 automobiles. Ten years after getting into service the lighter (Three.5 ton) David have worn out following in depth fight service.
Plasan’s Hyrax is a brand new mild armored patrol car based mostly on Mercedes Benz G-Class chassis, and designed to satisfy the army requirement for a contemporary and dependable excessive mobility car, succesful of working in city areas in addition to rugged mountainous terrain, working as a light-weight armored patrol car. Photograph: Plasan
Protection Replace highlights worldwide protection packages, together with; land warfare overlaying armor and infantry and help parts, aerospace, naval, C4ISR, EW, Cyber Warfare, Intelligence and net-centric warfare, unmanned techniques and robotics, and homeland protection.
Written by skilled protection journalists from totally different nations, with the contribution by analysts specializing in numerous fields, Protection Replace offers complete protection of specific defense-related subjects, together with Armored Preventing Automobiles (AFV), Future Fight Methods, Aerospace
Mercedes Benz New Army Car G Wagon MRV 6.2
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