In my speech I’ll briefly talk about options of rising worldwide relations, state of affairs in Syria and foremost outcomes of exercise of the Ministry of Defenсe of the Russian Federation this yr.
The present worldwide state of affairs is characterised by the growing potential for confliction in relations between the primary “centers of power”. The size of worldwide terrorism and radical extremism is increasing, disaster phenomena in the world financial system are spreading, wrestle for power, water, meals and different assets is intensifying.
The exercise of the United States of America aimed toward retaining its dominant position in the world and excluding different nations from competitors is one of the foremost damaging elements complicating the worldwide state of affairs.
That’s the reason Washington and its allies are taking complete, coordinated measures to include Russia and discredit its position in worldwide affairs.
In response to allegedly rising menace from Russia, NATO will increase its army presence near Russian borders. In Japanese European nations enlarge the power of response forces, set up anti-missile defence parts, put together superior aerodromes, improve logistics of cross-border army transport, and create a system of advance weapon and property storage .
Underneath these circumstances, we take all the vital response measures to make sure army safety of the state. In the meantime, we aren’t growing the power of the Armed Forces and aren’t getting concerned in a ruinous arms race. In recent times the finances of the Russian Armed Forces has remained $ 50 billion and now it tends to lower.
For comparability, the army finances of the United States is nearly 14 occasions bigger than the Russian one. In 2019 it has amounted to over $ 716 billion, which exceeds army bills in different nations worldwide.
In the meantime, the exercise of worldwide extremist and terrorist organizations, primarily in the Center East, North Africa and Central Asia, poses an actual menace to the world group.
The primary entrance towards them is happening in the present day in Syria, the place the authorities armed forces supported by the Russian Aerospace Forces have eradicated the ISIS largest group in the Center East.
In 2015, when the Russian Aerospace Forces began their operation, the Syrian authorities managed some 10% of the territory.
With help of the Russian Aerospace Forces, most half of the nation was liberated and the authorities regained management over such key settlements as Palmyra, Aleppo, Uqayribat, Deir ez-Zor and Abu Kamal.
The lively part of the counterterrorism operation in Syrian was accomplished in final December.
As we speak, the ISIS militants are current in territories east of the Euphrates, managed by the USA. The remaining of radical armed formations led by the Jabhat al-Nusra are concentrated in the Idlib de-escalation zone and al-Tanf space, managed by the US-led worldwide coalition.
This yr, the Syrian authorities forces, which gained fight expertise underneath supervision of the Russian army advisers, have efficiently completed operations to take management over Japanese Ghouta, Homs and Southern de-escalation zones. Over 23,000 militants have been killed. Apart from, 387 cities have been liberated from Islamic extremists.
The primary situation was to keep away from civilian casualties, so the operations have been carried out army pressure.
The Russian Centre for Reconciliation had a pivotal position in it.
Over 230,000 individuals have been evacuated from de-escalation zones by way of humanitarian corridors throughout the operation.
These militants who refused to reconcile have been taken to Idlib province and to the north of Aleppo province to the metropolis of Jarabulus.
At the similar time there have been no casualties amongst civilians or members of average opposition. Furthermore, the militants voluntarily surrendered 650 items of armaments, and greater than 40,000 fighters of the armed teams of the average opposition joined the authorities forces.
At the remaining stage of liberating operation in Damascus outskirts we confronted with growing resistance by Western nations to the humanitarian operation.
On April 7, 2018, the White Helmets, a pseudo-humanitarian organisation, fabricated a staged story on alleged use of chemical weapons by authorities troops in Douma, which elicited a missile strike by US and its allies towards Syria.
They used 105 cruise missiles of numerous deployment. The Syrian air defence forces have efficiently repelled the assault.
This August, peacekeeping forces received again to its operation in the Golan Heights in accordance with the UN Safety Council Decision 350 dated 1974, after restoration of full management over the Syrian-Jordanian border and southern half of Syrian-Iraqi border. To be able to guarantee this exercise, the Russian army are monitoring state of affairs at six remark posts situated alongside the Bravo Line.
State of affairs in the Idlib de-escalation zone stays one of the most pressing points. That is the final giant stronghold of terrorists in Syria.
In an effort to discover a settlement of Syrian state of affairs, this September Russia and Turkey reached agreements to stabilize the state of affairs in the Idlib de-escalation zone and to create a demilitarized zone 15–22 km deep alongside the contact line of authorities troops and the opposition.
They signed a memorandum which supplies for withdrawal of heavy weapons and all radical teams from the de-militarized zone by the Turkish aspect.
In fact not all measures can be tackle time, however it’s extra essential that we see outcome of it now. After the demilitarized zone was established, the quantity of ceasefire violations has considerably decreased.
This proves once more effectivity of the Astana-format which is aimed toward peaceable settlement of the Syrian disaster.
Inside the framework of this specific format, on November 24 a “pilot” venture was carried out for the trade of detainees / hostages between the Syrian authorities and the armed opposition.
Amid stabilizing state of affairs in the Syrian Arab Republic, there’s a quantity of unsettled points, and they’re in the beginning associated to illegitimate presence of American army bases in Syria.
For example, al-Tnaf. The USA have organised a so-called 55km safety zone which serves as shelter for unlawful armed teams the place they proceed terrorist exercise salling out to assault authorities troops once in a while.
The Rukban refugee camp can also be situated on this space, accommodating over 50,000 refugees.
UN specialists who visited the camp with a humanitarian convoy on November Three, report that together with a scarcity of meals provides and water, refugees are pressured to go away with out electrical energy and medical help. Thievery, violence towards ladies and youngsters, human trafficking are widespread in the camp. All this occurs at tacit approval and connivence of American servicemen station at the army base 10km away from the camp.
The People themselves justify their army presence in Al-Tanf by necessity to counter Iran, which allegedly makes use of the Syrian-Iraqi border phase transfer weapons and army gear to Syria.
For our half, we proposed to remove the zone and set up joint Russian-American management over the border crossing, however the American companions left our proposals unanswered.
The state of affairs is being strained on the japanese financial institution of the Euphrates River, the place the United States, counting on the Syrian Kurds, is making an attempt to create an unbiased quasi-State entity. They’re forming a authorities of the so-called Democratic Federation of the Nothern Syria. The People, supporting the Kurdish separatist sentiments with armaments provides, permit them to oppress the Arab tribes.
The US is consistently speaking to us about some variety of battle towards ISIS in japanese Syria. Nevertheless we see the reverse. Sleeper terrorist cells have moved to motion, it resulted in ISIS increasing its zone of affect in the east.
In the west of Syria, there have been additionally scattered militant teams, there have been additionally ISIS sleeper cells, however the Syrian authorities forces and particular providers eradicated them. The state of affairs is taken underneath the full management of the authorities.
In the east, there are not any such measures. On the opposite, we see how the US-led Worldwide Anti-Terrorism Coalition and the models of the Syrian Democratic Forces managed by them haven’t been capable of full the defeat of the ISIS in the area of the settlement in Hajin inside six months.
We’re speaking about an space of 2.5 by 3km 25km lengthy. We all know from the expertise of the authorities troops that such a activity could be fulfilled in 1-2 weeks.
As well as, Russian intelligence automobiles commonly detect oil tanker convoys, which transfer from the japanese Syrian areas, managed by the Coalition, to Turkey and Iraq. At the similar time, funds via petroleum gross sales go, amongst different issues, to the financing of ISIS terrorists in east of the Euphrates.
We see essential state of affairs in Raqqa. It has been a yr since, consequently of coalition bombings, this metropolis was wiped off the face of the earth. Up to now, the metropolis has not been demined. There are every day civilian casualties on account of unexploded ordnance left in the metropolis.
Neither homes nor infrastructure are being recovered. There isn’t any electrical energy, no waterline, outlets and hospitals in the metropolis.
The lifeless our bodies are mendacity unburied beneath the rubbles which results in unfold of illness and worsening sanitary-epidemic state of affairs.
With such irresponsible actions the United States show an entire indifference to stabilization of state of affairs in areas underneath its management.
We see a fairly reverse state of affairs in territories managed by the Syrian authorized authorities. With the assist of the Russian servicemen, the Syrians are capable of restore peaceable life. Residential neighborhoods are being restored, faculties and hospitals are opening, roads, energy stations, water provide methods are being repaired. Industrial enterprises have began functioning.
Undoubtedly there are nonetheless challenges, and first of all it considerations restoration of financial system and destroyed infrastructure.
Russian all the time advocates for uniting efforts of worldwide group to revive Syria. I ought to say that many sides have responded and are serving to Syrian along with us.
One other challenge of concern which is linked to revival of Syria is repatriation of hundreds of thousands of refugees and internally displaced individuals. The Syrian authorities is actively selling this course of.
Russia is offering the mandatory help. Joint coordination committees have been established for it. The Centre for the Reception, Allocation and Lodging of Refugees has been created in Syria.
Over 55,000 individuals have returned from Lebanon and Jordan again to Syria since July 18.
Right now, there are all circumstances to create well-functioning political course of. We help the concept of activating course of of forming the Syrian Constitutional Committee.
Its work might be essential in reforming political system in Syria, however the foremost factor is to not drive its creation.
All segments of the inhabitants can be represented at the session together with the authorities and the opposition. It’s of paramount significance to take note of pursuits of all the sides, in any other case we will a frail and illegitimate physique.
It’s to be famous that the Astana talks format created in early 2017 by Russia, Turkey, and Iran lastly gathered all the sides involved at one desk to take choice on the outcomes of the Congress of the Syrian nationwide dialogue in Sochi which gave a strong impetus to political course of which had way back stalled in Geneva.
All our efforts are finally aimed toward implementing the UN Safety Council Decision 2254 in an effort to return peaceable life again to Syria.
Together with rendering help to the Syrian Arab Republic, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 2018 addressed deliberate duties to extend their fight potential.
At the similar time, the fundamental efforts have been targeted on sustaining a excessive degree of fight readiness of strategic nuclear and non-nuclear forces, build up a layered aerospace defence system, in addition to on enhancing coaching of troops and command and management system.
In the context of enhancing international missile defence system by the US, the fight capabilities of ground-based strategic nuclear forces have been elevated. They continued to rearm them with trendy Yars missile methods outfitted with extremely efficient means to overwhelm ABM defence.
Russian industrial enterprises have launched mass manufacturing of Avangard missile complicated outfitted with hypersonic glide car.
To switch the Voevoda missile system the strongest in service with Russian strategic nuclear forces, the Sarmat heavy intercontinental ballistic missile has been developed. This yr the missile have efficiently undergone drop check.
In naval strategic nuclear forces, strategic missile submarines ensured everlasting fight obligation. They perform serial patrolling missions together with these beneath the Arctic ice.
Additional improvement of the Naval Strategic Nuclear Forces consists of development of the Borey-A-class submarines outfitted with ballistic missiles to overwhelm ABM defence methods.
Potential of Air Strategic Nuclear Forces was maintained by upgrading the Tu-160 and Tu-95ms bombers, equipping them with extra highly effective engines, trendy onboard gear, and in addition by increasing the vary of weapons.
At the similar time, the improvement of strategic weapons is carried out in strict compliance with worldwide obligations, as outlined by the treaties on strategic offensive arms.
To ensure defence of the Russian Federation from airspace assaults, we additionally steadily develop the aerospace defence.
Growing capacity to detect attacking ballistic missiles is fostered by enhancing area and floor echelons of missile assault early warning system.
A strong radar area has been created alongside the Russian borders. In consequence, it ensures detection of ballistic missiles from all missile-prone instructions and on numerous flight trajectories.
We’ve got elevated capabilities of intelligence and air management system in western and southern areas.
Air formations and army bases have acquired over 140 trendy plane. The Kinzhal high-precision hypersonic plane missile system is being modernised. Air defence regiments are being rearmed with the S-400 SAM techniques which have superior capabilities for intercepting air targets. At current there are over 20 regiments on air defence standby outfitted with this complicated.
Improvement of common function forces stays precedence on this sphere.
At the similar time, we connect nice consideration to enhancing strike capabilities, maneuverability and autonomy of army models.
That is first of all achieved by rearmament of the troops with trendy armored automobiles, high-precision and air defence complexes in addition to Digital Warfare and command and management techniques. This yr, land forces and airborne troops have acquired over Three,000 items of new and modernised armaments.
The frigate Admiral Gorshkov and the main amphibious ship Ivan Gren have been commissioned by the Navy. By the finish of the yr we additionally anticipate one other 13 warships and boats to hitch the Navy.
The Bal and Bastion coastal missile methods armed with Uran and Onyx anti-ship missiles are being provided to the troops.
In addition to, one of the priorities for improvement of the general-purpose forces is the enchancment of digital warfare, command and management methods. This yr we have now achieved vital outcomes on this sphere.
Generally, implementation of the State Defence Order 2018 has absolutely armed over 30 numerous formations and army models with a share of trendy weapons amounting to 61.5%. By the finish of 2020 we plan to deliver this determine as much as 70%.
In the future, as half the new state armaments program, the strategic nuclear and non-nuclear forces, the aerospace defence forces, reconnaissance, management and EW models will probably be armed with potential weapons. The troops will obtain new samples of high-precision weapons, unmanned aerial automobiles and robotic methods.
In 2018, work has been underway to take care of manning troops at the degree of 95-100%.
The quantity of servicemen serving underneath the contract has reached 384,000. This results in a marked qualitative improve in fight capabilities of the models.
Transition to the new contract manning system of mixed arms formations, Marines and Airborne Troops allowed to have of their composition required quantity of battalion process teams, prepared to satisfy missions.
It’s deliberate to additional improve the quantity of army personnel underneath the contract.
Since July this yr, in accordance with the choice of the President of the Russian Federation, a system of army and political work has been created in the Armed Forces to be able to type excessive morale and fight qualities, patriotism and devotion to the Homeland. It’s designed to type cohesive, coordinated and strong-minded army groups succesful of performing duties in any surroundings.
The Central Workplace of the Russian Defence Ministry consists of now additionally the Essential Army-Political Directorate of the Armed Forces. The troops and forces have begun to carry out the duties of the related authorities.
The Russian Defence Ministry is engaged on enhancing high quality of fight coaching, introduction of superior expertise of the troops in instructional course of. For this function, the most trendy instructional applied sciences and knowledge and academic assets are utilized in the coaching course of.
This yr, there was a primary fully-fledged commencement of younger officers. The troops acquired greater than 12,000 lieutenants who had entered to army faculties in 2013-2014.
With a purpose to develop elementary and utilized science, in addition to to create high-tech industries, the Period army revolutionary technopolis is being improved. This yr, it has created 18 new specialised complexes fitted with distinctive gear.
Younger scientists of 4 newly created scientific corporations, representatives of greater than 30 main industrial enterprises and scientific organizations are concerned in the analysis course of.
One of the priorities in the actions of the Armed Forces is to enhance the coaching of troops (forces). At the similar time, we aren’t solely introducing the expertise of Russian servicemen in the battle towards terrorism in Syria, which has undoubtedly turn into a superb faculty for enhancing skilled expertise of our officers.
First of all, we train servicemen to conduct fight operations towards a high-tech enemy outfitted with trendy weapons, in the circumstances of all types of reconnaissance and radio-electronic influence, large use of aviation and precision weapons.
Improvement of new varieties of weapons, sensible expertise gained in Syria and in numerous workouts, in addition to the evaluation of trendy army conflicts gave impetus to improvement of the army artwork concept.
All this enables the troops and forces to efficiently carry out duties, together with these outdoors the Russian Federation.
Many of you have been current at the principal coaching occasion of the Russian Armed Forces in 2018 – the Vostok 2018 maneuvers.
They’ve develop into the most formidable in scope and in the quantity of troops attracted over the previous few many years.
The primary function of the maneuvers is to examine the degree of coaching of command and management our bodies and troops in planning and operations in the Japanese theater of operations.
They didn’t goal any nations. The maneuvers have been set in specifically created state of affairs, which is predicated on the escalation of confrontation between two coalitions of conditional States, which have been situated on the territory of the Russian Federation.
A particular function of the maneuvers was the bilateral format not solely at the strategic, but in addition at the operational and tactical ranges of command and management.
Troops educated redeployment at giant distances. We have now achieved new leads to managing joint teams of troops and forces in troublesome and unfamiliar situation, in addition to amid the use of air defence forces and means.
The necessity to additional improve the fight capabilities of the Airborne Troops was confirmed, as a consequence of a rise in the share of cellular airborne assault element, outfitted with trendy multi-purpose helicopters.
They have been additionally attended by army contingents of the Individuals’s Liberation Army of China and the armed forces of Mongolia, which acted in a standard state of affairs along with Russian servicemen.
Apart from, it was the first time as the Ocean Defend inter-fleet drills had taken place in the Mediterranean Sea. A big joint pressure grouping of the Navy was shaped in the Mediterranean, succesful of autonomously fixing a variety of duties. In the future, these workouts are deliberate to be held on a everlasting foundation.
Together with the Vostok 2018 maneuvers, nice consideration was hooked up to fight coaching with the CSTO and SCO state-members.
At a excessive degree, a strategic command publish train was held to practise deploying forces and means of the collective safety system in the Central Asian area, in addition to joint workouts with army contingents of the Collective Operational Response Forces of the CSTO Interplay 2018, Unbreakable Brotherhood 2018, Air Bridge 2018. Throughout the train troops practised points of getting ready and conducting joint operations for the localization of armed conflicts in Central Asia.
The elevated degree of joint coaching was proven by the anti-terrorism command publish train of the armed forces of the SCO member states Peace Mission 2018.
Appreciable skilled expertise was gained by the Russian and Pakistani army personnel throughout the Friendship 2018 train, which happened in October this yr in the mountains close to Islamabad at an altitude of greater than 1,400 meters.
We noticed excessive coaching degree of servicemen at the Indra 2018 Russian-Indian train.
An essential milestone in making certain safety and belief was the Komodo 2018 joint Russian-Japanese naval train .
The Worldwide Army Video games stay one of the efficient means of strengthening army cooperation, aimed toward enhancing particular person expertise of the army personnel and coherence of models.
Since the starting of the first Video games the quantity of collaborating nations has doubled: from 16 nations in 2015 to 32 this yr. Competitions have been held in seven States. The Video games have been attended by 189 groups from 32 nations competing in 28 contests made up of over four,700 individuals. The viewing viewers exceeded 70 mln individuals, inlcuding Web customers.
This yr the degree of coaching of the individuals was so excessive, the wrestle was onerous and uncompromising till the final day of the Video games.
The coaching system created in the Russian Armed Forces resulted in first place in general standings. The Russian group additionally gained 18 competitions. The primary runner-up the workforce of the Individuals’s Republic of China, adopted by the staff of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The groups of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Venezuela, Egypt, Iran, Serbia and Uzbekistan continually take part in the Video games. There’s additionally a rise in the skilled expertise of troopers of different nations.
The suggestions acquired from overseas companions signifies an elevated curiosity in the Video games. They’re thought-about as an essential element of the fight coaching of the nationwide armed forces.
In August subsequent yr, it’s deliberate to carry the Jubilee – the fifth Worldwide Army Video games, which will probably be held in 10 States.
In the outgoing yr, particular consideration was paid to worldwide army cooperation, which was carried out with 90 overseas nations. This work resulted in enlargement of the listing of nations with which the Russian Defence Ministry actively cooperates. New bilateral agreements on army cooperation with 9 States have been signed.
Specific consideration in worldwide actions was paid to enlargement of mutual relations with the CIS member States, strengthening the collective forces of the CSTO, in addition to the improvement of the army element of the SCO. In August this yr, the assembly of the heads of the SCO common staffs of the armed forces mentioned topical points of worldwide and regional safety.
So as to additional develop cooperation, a brand new mechanism was established to make sure interplay between SCO defence ministries – the Professional Working Group beneath the SCO Defence Ministers Assembly.
The relations of the Armed Forces of Russia with the army departments of Southeast Asia are actively increasing.
At the assembly of the Council of Ministers of Protection of the ASEAN nations – the so-called ADMM plus, held in Singapore, our approaches to key points of international and regional safety have been delivered to the consideration of its individuals. Concrete steps have been taken to deepen bilateral army ties with China and India.
Russia continues implementation of its worldwide obligations in the area of arms management and disarmament.
By the goal date of the START Treaty (February 5, 2018), we’ve absolutely fulfilled our obligations to scale back strategic offensive arms.
Sadly, our American companions, so as to attain quantitative parameters established by the Treaty, in two yr have transformed an element of their strategic offensive weapons (four launchers on every of 14 Ohio-type submarines and 41 B-52H) and unilaterally excluded them from accounting underneath the Treaty. This provides them the alternative in the shortest attainable time to construct up the potential of their strategic offensive forces and improve the quantity of warheads by greater than 1,200 items.
We hope that the United States will strategy the answer of the drawback in a balanced and constructive method and can resume the dialogue on the extension of the START-Three Treaty.
At the similar time, the state of affairs in arms management sphere has turn into considerably extra difficult because of assertion of the President of the United States on the intention to go away the INF Treaty. We regard this as a really harmful step that may adversely have an effect on not solely European safety, but in addition strategic stability normally.
By wrecking one other settlement (in 2001 the USA left the ABM Treaty), the United Said is making an attempt to shift the blame on Russia allegedly violating its obligations.
Accusations towards Russia are an try and disguise the actual state of affairs.
And the actual state of affairs is as follows. Since 2000, we now have been urging the People to cease utilizing goal rockets that simulate medium and short-range missiles when testing missile defence techniques, which is prohibited by the Treaty. As well as, the MK-41 common launchers deployed in Romania and being deployed in Poland are succesful of launching medium-range cruise missiles, which is a direct breach of the obligations beneath the INF Treaty.
There are different issues that we’ve got repeatedly advised our American colleagues about and that are to be corrected.
Provided that there are official representatives of overseas army departments in the corridor, I would really like via you to tell your leaders that if the INF Treaty shall be eradicated, this won’t stay unanswered from our aspect.
As army professionals, you must perceive that not the territory of the United States, however the nations that deployed American complexes with medium and shorter-range missiles, can be the targets of Russia’s response.
Throughout this troublesome interval of our relationships with the United States and its allies, agreements to stop harmful army actions and incidents offshore and in airspace stay an necessary mechanism for making certain army safety.
As half of implementation of these agreements, the Nationwide Centre for State Defence Management of the Russian Federation has organized channels of emergency worldwide communication with the army departments of a quantity of states.
A constructive instance of such interplay was the constructive response of the US Division of Protection to a request to scale back the depth of NATO’s operational and fight coaching near the Russian borders throughout the FIFA World Cup.
The Russian Ministry of Defence continues to pay particular consideration to making sure transparency of actions of the Armed Forces.
This yr, we have now organised greater than 9,000 briefings, press conferences, interviews and different informational occasions, with some 800 of them with participation of the management of the Armed Forces.
Greater than 1,800 reporters from greater than 120 main world media retailers took half in press excursions to Syria and briefings.
The Moscow Convention on Worldwide Safety (April 2018) was attended by greater than 850 delegates from 95 nations. At the similar time, 30 delegations have been headed by defence ministers.
It’s to be famous that 102 official army delegations visited the ARMY 2018 IMTF and the Nationwide Safety Week worldwide discussion board.
The Vostok 2018 maneuvers have proven an unprecedented degree of transparency. Earlier than the maneuvers occurred, greater than 80 army attachés from 57 nations, together with representatives of the NATO army mission and the European Union everlasting mission to the Russian Federation, have been knowledgeable about their objectives and aims.
In the future, we’ll proceed the apply of offering the most related details about the major points of day by day actions and prospects of improvement of the Russian Army. At the similar time, it ought to be famous that Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation doesn’t restrict any nation to take part in occasions organized for army diplomats accredited in Russia.
Women and gents!
The fashionable Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are succesful of neutralizing any threats to the safety of the state and defending the nationwide pursuits of Russia and its allies.
In the future, the progressive and balanced improvement of the Army and the Navy will proceed to make sure the peaceable social and financial improvement of this nation and keep strategic stability in the world.
To realize these objectives, we’re open for an equal dialogue on army safety.
In conclusion, I want to congratulate you on coming Christmas and the New 2019 Yr.
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