What does a womans body go through menstruation
A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have. Most girls get their first period when they're aroundSEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: This is Your Period in 2 Minutes - Glamour
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Why do women have periods?Content:
Body Changes During the Menstrual Cycle
A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have. Most girls get their first period when they're around But getting it any time between age 10 and 15 is OK. Every girl's body has its own schedule.
There isn't one right age for a girl to get her period. But there are some clues that it will start soon:. A period happens because of changes in hormones in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus or womb to build up.
The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach to and start developing. If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds. Then the same process happens all over again. It usually takes about a month for the lining to build up, then break down. That is why most girls and women get their periods around once a month.
The same hormones that cause the uterus lining to build up also cause an egg to leave one of the ovaries. The egg travels through a thin tube called a fallopian tube to the uterus. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell, it attaches to the wall of the uterus, where over time it develops into a baby.
If the egg is not fertilized, the uterus lining breaks down and bleeds, causing a period. For the first few years after a girl starts her period, it may not come regularly. This is normal at first. By about 2—3 years after her first period, a girl's periods should be coming around once every 4—5 weeks.
Yes, a girl can get pregnant as soon as her period starts. A girl can even get pregnant right before her very first period. This is because a girl's hormones might already be active. The hormones may have led to ovulation and the building of the uterine wall. If a girl has sex, she can get pregnant, even though she has never had a period. Periods usually happen about once every 4—5 weeks.
But some girls get their periods a little less or more often. You have many choices about how to deal with period blood. You may need to experiment a bit to find which works best for you. Some girls use only one method and others switch between different methods. It may look like a lot of blood, but a girl usually only loses a few tablespoons of blood during the whole period. Women also won't have a period while they are pregnant. PMS premenstrual syndrome is when a girl has emotional and physical symptoms that happen before or during her period.
These symptoms can include moodiness, sadness, anxiety, bloating, and acne. The symptoms go away after the first few days of a period. Many girls have cramps with their period, especially in the first few days. If cramps bother you, you can try:. Most girls don't have any problems with their periods. But call your doctor if you:. Periods are a natural, healthy part of a girl's life. They shouldn't get in the way of exercising, having fun, and enjoying life.
If you have questions about periods, ask your doctor, a parent, health teacher, school nurse, or older sister. Larger text size Large text size Regular text size.
Menstruation is the shedding of the lining of the uterus endometrium accompanied by bleeding. It occurs in approximately monthly cycles throughout a woman's reproductive life, except during pregnancy. Menstruation starts during puberty at menarche and stops permanently at menopause. By definition, the menstrual cycle begins with the first day of bleeding, which is counted as day 1. The cycle ends just before the next menstrual period.
Every month, in the years between puberty typically age 11 to 14 and menopause typically about age 51 , your body readies itself for pregnancy. The lining of your uterus thickens and an egg grows and is released from one of your ovaries. The average woman loses about two to three tablespoons of blood during her period. The time between periods last day to first day typically averages 28 days , with bleeding typically lasting around 2 to 7 days. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy.
10 Common Period Questions
Menstruation, or period, is normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of a woman's monthly cycle. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus. It passes out of the body through the vagina. Periods usually start between age 11 and 14 and continue until menopause at about age They usually last from three to five days. Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have. Premenstrual syndrome , or PMS, is a group of symptoms that start before the period.
Menstruation is also known by the terms menses, menstrual period, cycle or period. The menstrual blood—which is partly blood and partly tissue from the inside of the uterus—flows from the uterus through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. A menstrual cycle is considered to begin on the first day of a period. The average cycle is 28 days long; however, a cycle can range in length from 21 days to about 35 days. The steps in the menstrual cycle are triggered by the rise and fall of chemicals in the body called hormones.
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. The average length of the menstrual cycle is 28—29 days, but this can vary between women and from one cycle to the next. The length of your menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of your period to the day before your next period starts.
During your menstrual cycle, your body's reproductive system undergoes changes beyond menses itself. The cycle typically follows a day pattern with shifts in hormone levels, dysmenorrhea menstrual cramps , and breast pain. To understand and discuss these changes, it's important to remember the anatomical parts involved and their functions:. It all starts with your endocrine glands because they produce the hormones that determine when you get your period, the amount of menstrual flow, and what happens to your reproductive organs.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Endometriosis
This series of hormone-driven events is called the menstrual cycle. During each menstrual cycle, an egg develops and is released from the ovaries. The lining of the uterus builds up. Then the cycle starts again. The menstrual phase is the first stage of the menstrual cycle. The thickened lining of your uterus, which would support a pregnancy, is no longer needed, so it sheds through your vagina.
Stages of the Menstrual Cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system specifically the uterus and ovaries that makes pregnancy possible. The first period usually begins between twelve and fifteen years of age, a point in time known as menarche. The typical length of time between the first day of one period and the first day of the next is 21 to 45 days in young women and 21 to 35 days in adults an average of 28 days   . Menstruation stops occurring after menopause which usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age. The menstrual cycle is governed by hormonal changes. Stimulated by gradually increasing amounts of estrogen in the follicular phase, discharges of blood menses flow stop, and the lining of the uterus thickens. Follicles in the ovary begin developing under the influence of a complex interplay of hormones, and after several days one or occasionally two become dominant non-dominant follicles shrink and die. Approximately mid-cycle, 24—36 hours after the luteinizing hormone LH surges, the dominant follicle releases an ovocyte , in an event called ovulation.
Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. You may want to look at their policies. Period questions come into every girls mind! Puberty can be pretty crazy — you shouldn't have to worry about your first period on top of it all. This tissue comes from the uterus, which is where a baby fetus can develop in the female body.
Your menstrual cycle can say a lot about your health. Understand how to start tracking your menstrual cycle and what to do about irregularities. Do you know when your last menstrual period began or how long it lasted?
Healthy sexual and reproductive organs are vital to a woman's sexual health. Learning about the functions of each organ and how these organs work together allows you to be aware of your body and of any changes that might indicate a problem. This information can also help you choose a method of birth control or determine when is the best time to try and get pregnant.
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. A period, or menstruation, is the shedding of the lining of the womb. Menstruation is also known as menses. Menses are part of normal sexual health for women during their reproductive years.