Male partner is infertile
While either one or both of the partners may contribute to the reproductive challenges of the couple, male infertility, like female infertility, is a clinical diagnosis that can only be determined after formal assessment and testing. One in eight couples have trouble getting pregnant or sustaining a pregnancy. Approximately one-third of infertility is attributed to the female partner, one-third attributed to the male partner and one-third is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or, is unexplained. Male infertility is more common in environments with high levels of environmental pollution, including water contaminants, pesticides and herbicides. Some recent population studies have suggested that sperm counts have been declining universally even though infertility has not been increasing substantially.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Male infertility: The secret shame of having no sperm - BBC News
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Understanding Infertility Causes and InvestigationsContent:
Up to 15 percent of couples are infertile. This means they aren't able to conceive a child, even though they've had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In over a third of these couples, male infertility plays a role.
Male infertility is due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors can play a role in causing male infertility. Not being able to conceive a child can be stressful and frustrating, but a number of male infertility treatments are available.
The main sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive a child. There may be no other obvious signs or symptoms. In some cases, however, an underlying problem such as an inherited disorder, a hormonal imbalance, dilated veins around the testicle or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm causes signs and symptoms.
Although most men with male infertility do not notice symptoms other than the inability to conceive a child, signs and symptoms associated with male infertility include:. See a doctor if you have been unable to conceive a child after a year of regular, unprotected intercourse or sooner if you have any of the following:. Problems with male fertility can be caused by a number of health issues and medical treatments.
Some of these include:. A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It's the most common reversible cause of male infertility. Although the exact reason that varicoceles cause infertility is unknown, it may be related to abnormal testicular temperature regulation. Varicoceles result in reduced quality of the sperm. Treating the varicocele can improve sperm numbers and function, and may potentially improve outcomes when using assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization.
Ejaculation issues. Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen enters the bladder during orgasm instead of emerging out the tip of the penis. Various health conditions can cause retrograde ejaculation, including diabetes, spinal injuries, medications, and surgery of the bladder, prostate or urethra. Some men with spinal cord injuries or certain diseases can't ejaculate semen, even though they still produce sperm. Often in these cases sperm can still be retrieved for use in assisted reproductive techniques.
Defects of tubules that transport sperm. Many different tubes carry sperm. They can be blocked due to various causes, including inadvertent injury from surgery, prior infections, trauma or abnormal development, such as with cystic fibrosis or similar inherited conditions. Blockage can occur at any level, including within the testicle, in the tubes that drain the testicle, in the epididymis, in the vas deferens, near the ejaculatory ducts or in the urethra. Overexposure to certain environmental elements such as heat, toxins and chemicals can reduce sperm production or sperm function.
Specific causes include:. Overheating the testicles. Elevated temperatures impair sperm production and function. Although studies are limited and are inconclusive, frequent use of saunas or hot tubs may temporarily impair your sperm count. Sitting for long periods, wearing tight clothing or working on a laptop computer for long stretches of time also may increase the temperature in your scrotum and may slightly reduce sperm production.
Certain occupations including welding or those involving prolonged sitting, such as truck driving, may be associated with a risk of infertility. However, the research to support these links is mixed. Infertility can be stressful for both you and your partner. Complications of male infertility can include:. Many types of male infertility aren't preventable. However, you can avoid some known causes of male infertility. For example:. Male infertility care at Mayo Clinic.
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This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Up to 15 percent of couples are infertile. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references What is male infertility? Urology Care Foundation. Accessed Aug.
Townsend CM Jr, et al. Urologic surgery. Philadelphia, Pa. How common is male infertility, and what are its causes? Anawalt BD, et al. Approach to the male with infertility. Jameson JL, et al. Clinical management of male infertility. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. Wein AJ, et al. Male infertility.
In: Campbell Walsh Urology. Yao DF, et al. Male infertility: Lifestyle factors and holistic, complementary, and alternative therapies. Asian Journal of Andrology. Using dietary supplements wisely. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Brown AY.
Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 27, Evans-Hoecker EA, et al. Major depression, antidepressant use, and male and female fertility. Fertility and Sterility. Castle EP expert opinion.
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What is Male Infertility?
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Resources and videos. Having a baby is generally a simple and natural experience. However, for some couples it can be difficult to conceive a child. As a male, your fertility generally depends on the quantity and quality of your sperm. If the number of sperm you ejaculate is low, or if the sperm are of a poor quality, it will be difficult, and in some cases impossible, to get pregnant.
Dealing With Infertility When He Has the Issue
Semen analysis and sperm counts aren't the most enticing topics of conversation for most men, but if you're having trouble conceiving, you may need to have "the talk" with your guy. When couples experience infertility, there's often a misconception that the problem is the woman's. But according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility issues are split evenly between males and females. Each group is responsible for 30 percent of infertility, and the rest is attributable to a combination of both male and female factors or unexplained reasons. Therefore, it's important to have both partners' fertility checked if you're having trouble getting pregnant. See a specialist if you're under 35 and have tried to conceive for a year, or if you're over 35 and have tried for six months. If a male factor is what's making it tough for you and your partner to conceive, it's important to understand what may be causing his infertility and what your options are. Here are answers to 10 common questions. Some men don't even like to visit the doctor for a regular checkup, so the thought of going for a fertility workup is probably not at the top of your guy's to-do list. Even though he may not show it, your guy may be feeling like he's less of a man if he can't get you pregnant right away.
‘It tears every part of your life away’: the truth about male infertility
Visit coronavirus. About 85 percent of male-female couples will be able to get pregnant within 12 months of trying. For those that do not, infertility of either the male or female partner could be the reason. Infertility is common. Out of couples in the United States, 12 to 13 have trouble conceiving.
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Understanding Male Infertility